A little bit on the very unpopular discipline "genetic differences". I don't understand why people so want to make us all the same-we're not. We are, obviously, but also we are not. We have different historical karma and we should investigate it, learn from our past and make a place for us in the future. It's not about being nationalist. It's about being yourself. But thanks to the horrible wars in Europe, now, this is a topic that people discuss with too many prejudices. While it should be simple-that's you, that's us, let's see why we are like that. It doesn't mean we're more than you, this is the wrong perspective. We're just different, we've fought different monsters, let's not hide it, but to use it in our advantage.
Oh, well, the US or western reader probably cannot understand the diatribe above. I'm just very upset by modifications in hostory, because I think we should know the realy story of our ancestors. Otherwise their experience won't be used fully, their life will be lost. Yes, they lived it, but people don't live only for themselves, we live for us, for those from the past and for those in the future. And if we loose that connection, we loose our purpose and we can't have a trully full life. Yeah, that's partly Tangrist belief, but I think it's very very useful-what's the point of making the same mistakes over and over again, when we can read about our ancestors and learn what to do and what not to.
And if you think history is no longer written by the strongest I can give you 2 examples that are from the past 100 years.
-The brain-wash in Macedonia, that convinced them they have DIFFERENT and very significant past (I don't mean to get political, the brain-washing was very well directed, my grand-father had as his nationality "macedonian" in his passport and he was proud of it, although in totally other meaning of what was expected-he was proud to be connected with that beloved for Bulgaria region and not to the country- Macedonia. And then, they started convincing people with that nationality in the passport they belong to ANOTHER country! ) Oh, well, I know the past cannot change, but still, it's sad to see how history can be manipulated.
-Another example I'm aware of is how Russia deleted the past of the country of Bulgarians at Volga and just proclaimed the people living there for everything else but Bulgarians. Obviously, it's not about political interest-it's way to far from our country, we cannot have any wishes to that region. But it's sad how people have not the right to be themselves.
It's about changing the history-that's what I can't stand. I mean ,ok, you have certain political interests, you have to protect them-that's understandable. But why you should destroy information, like burining books. Just store them somewhere and enjoy your power. It's absurd to expect that your power will last forever, then why destroying information forever. Ah, here are the articles, because I got carried away...
Europeans’ Genomes Reveal Their Geographic Origins
Europe has a rich history of wars, invasions and migrations, seemingly enough to have mixed its population pretty thoroughly. But it turns out that there is a geographical pattern to European genetics. By analyzing people’s genomes, geneticists can tell roughly where in Europe they come from.
The genetic differences across Europe are so slight that examining them just one at a time would mean almost nothing. But a new generation of gene chips — devices that test the DNA at specific sites along the genome — can assess 500,000 of the genome’s 3 billion units at a time. When all these differences are added together, a striking linkage emerges between genetics and geography.
Two teams of scientists working independently have now reported essentially the same results. In the August issue of Current Biology, a group led by Oscar Lao and Manfred Kayser of the Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands reported that European genetic structure was correlated with geography.
A second team, led by John Novembre of the University of California, Los Angeles, and Carlos D. Bustamente of Cornell University, describes a similar finding in an article released online by Nature on Aug. 31. They estimate that with present technology they can place 50 percent of Europeans to within 192 miles of their reported origin and 90 percent to within 434 miles.
Subjects whose parents come from two different countries were excluded from the analysis.
With more sophisticated technology, it will be possible to make a much more precise estimate of Europeans’ geographic origins from their genetics, Dr. Novembre said.
The present gene chips look only at genomic sites where variation is commonly found. But rare mutations, like those found in just a single village, can be much more informative about a person’s origin, and these may be programmed into the more powerful gene chips now under construction.
Dr. Kayser hopes the method will have forensic uses, although right now the gene chips require more DNA than is present in most crime scene samples. Still, they could be useful when DNA is plentiful, like in determining the geographic origin of a dead body.
The fact that the English can be distinguished genetically from the Irish or the French, say, might suggest that some difference in national character is showing up at the DNA level. But this is not the case, Dr. Novembre said.
The differences emerging from his gene chips are mostly neutral variation, meaning changes to which natural selection is indifferent because they do not affect survival. Such changes are probably too inconsequential to affect any properties that people are likely to notice. source
My comment: I really really want to see that genetic map, because it's of GREAT interest to me. And it can give us very useful clues on history of the nations. Although not horribly popular field for the obvious reasons, I still think the past should be known, no matter what. And this is a great tool. And I kind of expected it. Even if we look identical more or less, we do have very visible national differences in both physiological and mostly psychological sides. I think this should be a reason for separation but for better understanding among us.
Nearly 2,000-Year-Old Chariot Unearthed in Bulgaria
Aug. 7, 2008 -- Archaeologists have unearthed a 1,900-year-old well-preserved chariot at an ancient Thracian tomb in southeastern Bulgaria, the head of the excavation said Thursday.
Daniela Agre said her team found the four-wheel chariot during excavations near the village of Borisovo, around 180 miles east of the capital, Sofia.
"This is the first time that we have found a completely preserved chariot in Bulgaria," said Agre, a senior archaeologist at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
She said previous excavations had only unearthed single parts of chariots -- often because ancients sites had been looted.
At the funerary mound, the team also discovered table pottery, glass vessels and other gifts for the funeral of a wealthy Thracian aristocrat.
In a separate pit, they unearthed skeletons of two riding horses apparently sacrificed during the funeral of the nobleman, along with well preserved bronze and leather objects, some believed to horse harnesses.
The Culture Ministry confirmed the find and announced $3,900 in financial assistance for Agre's excavation.
Agre said an additional amount of $7,800 will be allocated by the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences for an initial restoration and conservation of the chariot and the other Thracian finds.
The Thracians were an ancient people that inhabited the lands of present day Bulgaria and parts of modern Greece, Turkey, Macedonia and Romania between 4,000 B.C. and the 6th century, when they were assimilated by the invading Slavs.
Some 10,000 Thracian mounds -- some of them covering monumental stone tombs -- are scattered across Bulgaria. source
My comment: Yes, that's our country :) Ok, you can't see that smile, but it's very wide since I don't see good news for Bulgaria often. And this is good. And the Thracians were really quite something, there was too long ignorance for them in scientific circles, I hope now, with the better publicity that changes.