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Thursday, 22 January 2009

The evidences of our glorious past, 2009

Today:

  1. Basalt rock wall found in ocean near Taiwan
  2. Study Reveals DNA Links Between Ancient Peruvians, Japanese
  3. Neanderthal diet: Seafood
  4. Ancient genetic imprint unites the tribes of India
A rather short one, but then, it's very exciting!

Basalt rock wall found in ocean near Taiwan

TAIPEI (Reuters) – A biodiversity researcher has found a huge basalt rock formation in the Taiwan Strait, resembling a city wall and rivaling similar monoliths on land.

The 200 meter-long, 10 meter-high undersea wall, which looks like thousands of pillars packed together, is near the Pescadores archipelago, researcher Jeng Ming-hsiou said on Monday.

Jeng, who is a professor at the state-run Academia Sinica in Taipei, was diving in the area when he saw and filmed the wall, about 40 km (25 miles) west of Taiwan's main island.

"It was completely unexpected," said Jeng. "It's not easy to see these formations underwater."

Basalt walls such as the famed Giant's Causeway on the coast of Ireland and the Wairere Boulders of New Zealand are known to have occurred on land but seldom, if ever, found at sea.

The Taiwan Strait formation, which local media have compared to a city wall, likely began with a volcanic eruption as far back as 1,800 years ago, Jeng said. source

My comment: That is so cool. I doubt there's anyone who doubt the fact that there are many flooded territories around the world that are currently under the water and that we have not yet found. The world had so much history, it's sad that we don't know it. The only way to discover it is trough diving at 10 to 30 m. It's not even about Atlantis. It's about all the civilisations that were flooded and that are lost to us. We have to know what happened to them. And this wall is one more proof that we need a major investigation of the water.

Study Reveals DNA Links Between Ancient Peruvians, Japanese

LIMA -- A study has revealed genetic links between people who inhabited northern Peru more than 1,000 years ago and Japanese, El Comercio newspaper reported Thursday.

Japanese physical anthropologist Ken-ichi Shinoda performed DNA tests on the remains of human bodies found in the East Tomb and West Tomb in the Bosque de Pomas Historical Sanctuary, which are part of the Sican Culture Archaeological Project, funded by Japan's government.

The director of the Sican National Museum, Carlos Elera, told the daily that Shinoda found that people who lived more than 1,000 years ago in what today is the Lambayeque region, about 800 kilometers (500 miles) north of Lima, had genetic links to the comtemporaneous populations of Ecuador, Colombia, Siberia, Taiwan and to the Ainu people of northern Japan.

The studies will be continued on descendents of the Mochica culture, from the same region, who are currently working on the Sican Project and with people who live in the vicinity of the Bosque de Pomac Historical Sanctuary.

Peruvian archaeologist Luis Chero told El Comercio that "currently, the DNA results have great value because they can be understood to show that there were people who arrived in these zones from Asia and who then converted these zones into the great culture of the New World." source

My comment: That's so cool. And the locations are also quite interesting. Also it's curious that the Inkas and the Mayas share the gold mania with ancient Traces. Too bad we don't have Thrakian DNA for comparison.

Neanderthal diet: Seafood

October 2, 2008


Paleontologists digging in caves on a Gibraltar beach have found evidence that more than 30,000 years ago, Neanderthals ate mussels and other mollusks, fish and even marine mammals such as seals and dolphins. Some of the animals'bones showed damage from stone tools, probably from the Neanderthals' removing the meat from them. source

My comment: The surprising thing here is that Neandertals eate fishes that cannot be reached around the cost- you have to have ships to catcth them. That seriously contradicts the theory of the stupid neandertals. And if they had ship, then they must have been quite intelligent. And the question why they disappeared is still unanswered. Btw- google the title, you'll find much more on the discovery, this was just the first I found.

Ancient genetic imprint unites the tribes of India

The first humans to arrive on the Indian subcontinent from Africa about 65,000 years ago left a genetic imprint that can still be found in the tribes of India.

To determine which groups can trace their ancestry to the founding population of India, Vadlamudi Raghavendra Rao of the Anthropological Survey of India in Kolkata and his colleagues analysed 2768 samples of mitochondrial DNA taken from 24 tribes all over India.

Mitochondrial DNA is inherited from the mother, so can be used to trace the maternal lineage of a population.

The researchers looked for a particular set of mutations in the mitochondrial genome called the M2 haplogroup. This set of genetic markers is unique to India and is a sub-lineage of the M haplogroup that identifies the first humans who arrived in India from Africa 65,000 years ago.

The analysis showed that the M2 lineage began in India about 50,000 years ago, about 15,000 years after modern humans arrived.

The team also found that the M2 lineage and its branches made up nearly 10% of the mitochondrial DNA of the studied tribes.

Significantly, the M2 lineage cuts across major linguistic barriers. The new study shows that both the Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic language groups share these same genetic markers.

According to team member Satish Kumar, the M2 haplogroup can also be found, albeit with reduced frequency, among members of the so-called higher castes of India, such as the Brahmins (priests) and the Kshatriyas (warriors).

Upper castes are thought to be the outcome of the arrival over time of a more technologically advanced people that marginalised the indigenous population, starting about 10,000 years ago.

Even these new migrants assimilated into India and to some extent mixed with the population, as the presence of M2 genes in the group attests.source

My comment: Ok, I have to say a big Hmmm on this. Especially weird is the reduced frequency of the gene in the different casts which suggest those people came from a different place. Also it's interesting that this variation of the gene started in India. I mean why, what it does? What provoked it? How Indians became Indians and Slavs - Slavs? In any case, we have to admit that 15 000 years were needed for that gene to appear. But then where did the higher casts come from?I wished we had a genetic map of the whole Earth. Then these things will be so much easier to uncover. What is surprising for me is that the different language and cultural groups have the same genetic markers, which is kind of not corresponding to their not so common history.Hmmm.

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