- Leggong had early humans 1.8m years ago
- Site older than Mohenjodaro found in Pak
- Underwater stones puzzle archeologists
- 'Peking Man' older than thought; somehow adapted to cold
Leggong had early humans 1.8m years ago
By PRISCILLA DIELENBERG, January 29, 2009Evidence of human existence dating back 1.83 million years was uncovered at Bukit Bunuh in Lenggong, Perak recently.
Universiti Sains Malaysia Centre for Archaeological Research Malaysia director Assoc Prof Dr Mokhtar Saidin said hand-axes which were unearthed showed evidence of the early existence of Homo erectus in the South-East Asia region.
He said the previous pre-historic hand-axes found in Africa dated back 1.6 million years.
“We found one of the hand-axes, made of quartzite rock, embedded in layers of suevite caused by meteorite impact.
“We sent part of the suevite to the Japan Geochronology Lab in Tokyo for fission track dating and the results showed that it dated about 1.83 million years,” he told a press conference.
He said his team did not find any human remains.Dr Mokhtar said it was possible that the findings challenged the prevailing “Out of Africa” theory, which holds that anatomically modern man first arose from one point in Africa and spread out around the globe. source
My comment: Notice how the origin of human are getting further and further back in time. For a scale comparison, the known history of our civilisation spans back to before 10 000 years at most. Compare this with 1.83 000 000 years-that's quite much time. I can't stop thinking that we may not be the first, maybe not even the second great civilisation. And it's so exiting that the new findings are not in Africa, but in Asia. This theory was quite annoying to me. I mean seriously, what are the odds of black person becoming white.
Site older than Mohenjodaro found in PakAn archaeological site dating back about 5,500 years and believed to be older than Mohenjodaro has been found in Pakistan's southern Sindh province. A team of 22 archaeologists found some semi-precious and precious stones and utensils made of clay, copper and other metals during an excavation at the site in Lakhian Jo Daro in Sukkur district yesterday.
Shar said the remains of a "faience" or tin-glazed pottery factory had been found at the site. It is believed to be of the era of mirror factories in Italy that date back to some 9,000 years.
A painting has also been found at the site and the discovery of more such items could establish the site as 9,000 years old, like the remains found at Mehargarh in Balochistan and Jericho in Palestine, Shar said.
Work on the second block of the site will continue for a month and more items could be found, Shar said. Local officials have asked Shar to prepare proposals for setting up a museum at the site. source
My comment: Hmm, ok, but Mohenjodaro has a remains of a city, not only some artefacts. In any case, these are wonderful news, it wasn't very fair that the only really old city to be in Turkey.
Underwater stones puzzle archeologists
Forty feet below the surface of Lake Michigan in Grand Traverse Bay, a mysterious pattern of stones can be seen rising from an otherwise sandy half-mile of lake floor.
Likely the stones are a natural feature. But the possibility they are not has piqued the interest of archeologists, native tribes and state officials since underwater archeologist Mark Holley found the site in 2007 during a survey of the lake bottom.
Though the stones could signal an ancient shoreline or a glacial formation, their striking geometric alignment raises the possibility of human involvement. The submerged site was tundra when humans of the hunter-gatherer era roamed it 6,000 to 9,000 years ago.
This spring Holley and a student from Northwestern Michigan College hope to make laser scans of the image that will yield a computer model. That will help scientists assess the site, which is otherwise off limits because of American Indian concerns that the area could be sacred.
Researchers who study early American Indians say they will need more evidence to be convinced the stones are a human artifact. They are especially wary of the idea of a mastodon petroglyph. Mastodons were facing extinction when early humans were on the scene, and the few that still existed in North America lived much farther south, evidence shows.
Evidence shows human families were present in northern Michigan thousands of years ago. They traversed a barren tundra dotted by stands of fir trees in pursuit of elk and woodland caribou, gathering nuts and berries as they passed.
To satisfy Grand Traverse Bay's American Indian community, which wants to minimize the number of visitors to the site, and to preserve his prerogative to research the spot, Holley has kept its exact location a secret.
He said he hopes a computer model of the gouges in the mastodon rock will help experts tell whether the features were a trick of chance cut by glacial forces or were the work of ancient humans. source
My comment: I like the most the mastodon explanation-it cannot be a mastodon, because it's out of the historical context. The obvious implication is that if this figure really is a mastodon, then the people who made it, lived much longer ago than they are supposed to have lived. And since we don't like things that happen at unexpected times, then we simply assume the stones are not artificial. Well, that proved to be a wrong attitude when it comes to archaeology, but any way, what bothers me is that the coordinates are kept secret. I don't want to fall into paranoia, but isn't it weird that something so important is kept in secret and nobody knows where it is? Well, I don't like it.
'Peking Man' older than thought; somehow adapted to coldMarch 11th, 2009
(PhysOrg.com) -- A new dating method has found that "Peking Man" is around 200,000 years older than previously thought, suggesting he somehow adapted to the cold of a mild glacial period.
A dating method developed by a Purdue University researcher allowed a more accurate determination of the age of the Zhoukoudian, China, site of remains of Homo erectus, commonly known as "Peking Man." The site was found to be 680,000-780,000 years old. Earlier estimates put the age at 230,000-500,000 years old.
Darryl Granger, the Purdue professor of earth and atmospheric sciences who developed the dating method, co-led the study with Guanjun Shen of China's Nanjing Normal University. They analyzed four stone tools and six sediment samples from the site.
"This was the first dating of this kind to be used in an early hominid site in China," Granger said. "Many of the existing data methods rely on the availability of volcanic rock, which the Zhoukoudian site does not have. This method provides a new tool to provide insight into places where dating was previously limited."
Susan C. Antón, associate professor in the Center for the Study of Human Origins at New York University said this discovery indicates "Peking Man" was somehow behaviorally able to cope with the cold environment.
"There is evidence that Homo erectus had physically adapted to the cold, but they probably also had to be doing something in terms of behavior to handle the cold of a glacial period in northern China," she said. "There isn't good evidence of fire or any kind of skins or clothing, but evidence of such things doesn't last long and wouldn't be recorded particularly well in the archeological record. It doesn't mean they didn't have them, but we don't have a definitive answer."
Homo erectus is considered to be the ancestor species to humans and the first species that left Africa and moved into Asia. The "Peking Man" site, discovered in the late 1920s, was among the first found for Homo erectus and shaped the thoughts on the age and behavior of the species, Antón said.
Granger used aluminum-26 and beryllium-10 radioisotopic dating, which is based on radioactive decay in the mineral quartz. As cosmic rays penetrate into rocks at the Earth's surface, chemical reactions produce these isotopes of aluminum and beryllium. If the rocks are then buried, the isotopes are no longer produced and those existing begin to decay. The rate of decay can tell researchers when the rocks were deposited in a site, he said.sourceMy comment: That goes back to the first article-it looks like people continually dates back the origin of our earliest ancestors. Now, it's interesting that they are not commenting the finding in Malaysia and/or that they are connecting their discovery with Africa again. Anyway, I believe the world is ripe to know the Truth. And I find this new dating technique to be very very interesting, I hope they apply it not only in China, but also on other places on the world and probably for underwater archaeology, because there certainly will be a difference between stuff under the soil, under the water and in thin air.