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Wednesday, 30 September 2009

Past connections come alive, 09.2009

Today:

  1. Millet traveled from China to the West
  2. Hungarian Researcher on the Trail of the Hun Tribes
  3. Huge Pre-Stonehenge Complex Found via "Crop Circles"
  4. Prehistoric gold source traced to Mourne mountains (!)
Few links:
Ancient temple wall discovered, shaped like Andean chakana
-read about a new temple discovered in Peru with a 4000-old room in the form of Inca's symbol.
This pile of rocks was once the seat of kings-yep, the Thracians finally made it up to the Western media. Check out this article by independent.co.uk. Some of the things, even I haven't heard. I can't believe to what extent Bulgaria oppresses Thracian knowledge!
Archaeologists Discovered Roman Settlement in North-Eastern Bulgaria

Millet traveled from China to the West

(China Daily)
Updated: 2009-05-13 10:23

Latest research by the University of Cambridge suggests that millet may have been the world's first Chinese takeaway 7,000 years ago.

In a paper published this week, archaeologists from the University of Cambridge reveal that the cultivation of broomcorn millet may have spread to the West after beginning in early Chinese farms.

The transition from gathering food in the wild to producing it on farms was the greatest revolution in human ecological history. Until relatively recently, pre-historians believed that it began in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East, between 12,000 and 7,000 years ago. Early communities there began to produce the so-called "founder crops" such as wheat and barley.

More recently, it has become clear that early Chinese communities domesticated their own grains, such as rice and millet, independently of any Western influence. Until now, however, no evidence had emerged of such methods spreading from China to the West.

Writing in the journal Science under the title Origins of Agriculture in East Asia, Professor Martin Jones and research colleague Liu Xinyi put together evidence from a number of recent excavations (including their own) to suggest that millet may have made precisely that journey. source

My comment: The archeological fight between China and the rest of the world goes on full power. I must say I like it. Of course, I think it's clear even for Chinese scientists that they have problem in their legends and their understanding, so obviously, the civilisation that domesticated the crops is not their own, but let's face it - even the wrong motivation can lead to good results. And this is one of them.

Hungarian Researcher on the Trail of the Hun Tribes Special

Jun 11, 2009 by Christopher Szabo

The Huns are widely thought of as savage barbarians who appeared briefly in history, wreaked death and destruction, then disappeared again. Recent archaeological and historical discoveries are raising questions about this view.
Of the European countries, Hungary has the most legends about the Huns and in these legends they are the heroes, not the villains. Hungarian academic and researcher, Dr. Borbála Obrusánszky, has followed their trail all the way to China and Mongolia, where she did postgraduate work. In an interview with Digital Journal, she explained that while the Huns, as a people, no longer exist, much of their culture remains:

When I was studying in Mongolia, I discovered very many similarities between traditional Hungarian and Mongolian folk cultures. I started to seek the roots of this and , I found (the answers) in the Huns.

Responding to a question about the Hun’s reported barbarism and savagery, Obrusánszky said:

Only the Western Roman chroniclers thought that. The other sources, for example the Chinese, always painted a realistic picture of the Huns. They were not wild or barbarians, but only had different customs, which the town-dwellers did not know. But those who spent a long time among the Huns soon sang their praises, because they considered them a very hospitable people.
...According to the new opinion(s), however, the Huns survived on the Eurasian Steppe until the 6th Century A.D. What is more, certain researchers consider it possible that they stayed in contact with each other, or knew about each other....
Attila is the greatest figure in European history, many still tremble at his name.He was victorious in practically all his campaigns, he went wherever he wanted to, because his military knowledge and his army stood above that of the Romans. Despite this, at the Pope’s request, he spared Rome. By contrast, the Vandals sacked it. Attila was the ancestor of both the Hungarian and Bulgarian dynasties, and among us he was counted as a Hungarian king in the Middle Ages. (The Hungarian) leader, Árpád, considered him his ancestor and conquered the land (of Hungary) by this right. source

My comment: I must say I met the same idea of Attila being a ancestor of a Bulgarian dynasty recently and I found it very odd. Now I find it even weirder. This name was met in a book prepared by order of a Bulgarian king (or khan, I don't remember precisely the timing) and it contained the names of all of the previous Bulgarian kings, khans and so on. One of the first names was Attila's. And this is strange, since Bulgarian history has no clear connections with the Huns. Hm, hm.
And anyway, what I find very interesting is the way the western tradition painted the Huns as barbarians, while the Chinese were much more balanced towards them. This reminds me of how Greek historians considered Tracians evil, pervert and cruel, while Omis said they fought on the side of Troya and were numerous and so on. Unfortunately we don't have a second opinion on the issue, but it's clear that Western historians are masters in bad public relations and publicity.


Huge Pre-Stonehenge Complex Found via "Crop Circles"

James Owen in London
for National Geographic News
June 15, 2009

Given away by strange, crop circle-like formations seen from the air, a huge prehistoric ceremonial complex discovered in southern England has taken archaeologists by surprise.

A thousand years older than nearby Stonehenge, the site includes the remains of wooden temples and two massive, 6,000-year-old tombs that are among "Britain's first architecture," according to archaeologist Helen Wickstead, leader of the Damerham Archaeology Project.

The central features are two great tombs topped by massive mounds—made shorter by centuries of plowing—called long barrows. The larger of the two tombs is 70 meters (230 feet) long.

Estimated at 6,000 years old, based on the dates of similar tombs around the United Kingdom, the long barrows are also the oldest elements of the complex.

Such oblong burial mounds are very rare finds, and are the country's earliest known architectural form, Wickstead said.

The Damerham tombs have yet to be excavated, but experts say the long barrows likely contain chambers—probably carved into chalk bedrock and reinforced with wood—filled with human bones associated with ancestor worship. source

My comment: Oh, that would be lovely to excavate :) I can't wait to see what they'll find inside. And again, just notice, how we keep on finding older and older sites that show not merely habitation but civilisation. That pose many inconvenient questions for many "great civilisations" dating approximately from the same time. As for me, I just want to know the truth, nothing more and nothing less.

Prehistoric gold source traced to Mourne mountains

SEÁN Mac CONNELL

THE MOUNTAINS of Mourne may be fabled in song but now they have a new focus as scientists believe they were the source for most of Ireland’s prehistoric gold.

Ireland has a very high level of prehistoric gold objects especially from the early Bronze Age (2400-1800BC) when large quantities of it was used by skilled craftsmen.

They turned out beautiful objects such as the gold collars or lunula similar to the one which turned up recently following a robbery in Co Roscommon.

This led to speculation for centuries about the source of so much easily available gold and a belief there had to be lots of gold available locally to the craftsmen.

Now archaeologists and geologists believe they have found that source, following a 14-year study which used not only the most modern scientific equipment but also involved the teams using primitive gold-mining methods.

According to a report in the current edition of Archaeology Ireland, the scientists used X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to look at the silver content of prehistoric Irish gold in more than 400 objects. As that work was going on, others were literally out panning for gold in Irish rivers, walking the mountains looking for gold in the hills and extracting gold from rocks by fire, as prehistoric people would have done.

The teams even extracted gold from rocks on Croagh Patrick, Co Mayo, by heating and quenching the rock, crushing it and panning the resultant sand.

The scientific work found the average silver content of gold in the early Bronze Age ornaments was 10 per cent and this matched perfectly the profile of gold taken from the river Bann and its tributaries but not that of gold taken from other Irish sources.

The scientific work on gold recovered from artefacts matched because gold grains from areas of high gold abundance invariably exhibit a distinct compositional signature, said the report.

source

My comment: Wow, that article is significant for me, because as you very well know already, the Thracians were extremely skilled in crafting gold and they left amazing treasures dating from the approximately the same period. They also had reddish hair. And now we find out that Irish people did the same! That's so exciting and interesting. I badly want to see DNA tests done to the Irish and Bulgarian population! And also, the same gold-silver study done on Thracian treasures (of course without damaging them). Because I'm not sure if anyone bothered to check where the gold for those precious beauties we have came from.

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