Europe against GMO crops! Please, sign the Avaaz petition! I already did.
It's us who decide, not Monsanto!!!

Tuesday, 27 July 2010

Flashes from the Past - amazing discoveries in Bulgaria and more

Archaeologists Discover Wealthy, 8,000-Year-Old Prehistoric Settlement in Northern Bulgaria - The town, which experts say blossomed between 5800 and 5500 BC, possessed well-organised streets and houses with two floors and oak floors. - Me wants to go there! It sounds marvelous even if they have to dig it first. But imagine 6000BC and they have 2 floors houses! It looks like Thracians loved luxurious items from the very beginning.

Archaeologists Uncover 'Bulgarian Machu Picchu' -
Bulgarian archaeologists have uncovered a unique residence of the rulers of the Odrysian Kingdom, the state of the most powerful tribe of Ancient Thrace.
The construction of the residence near Hissar is believed to have been started by the Thracian ruler Cotys I (384 BC - 359 BC)- I can't believe I was there and this wasn't yet uncovered. But then it was obvious there's something there. When you go there and see the amazing temple in Starosel and look at the mountains around - it's clear they are hiding a lot of secrets.
African Society Revealed in Early Animal, Human Figures - very interesting figures dating from ~1800 y. ago
Khan Tervel coin/seal Kazakh Archeologists Discover Ancient Scythian “Sun Lord” - Archeologists in Kazakhstan have discovered the grave of a gold-clad ancient Scythian warrior who has already earned himself a nickname: “The Sun Lord.” The warrior was likely buried in the 4th or 5th century BC in a grave that was actually discovered half a century ago, though excavation work only started last year. - As far as I know, the Scythian are actually one of the Thracians's not the Sun Lord, but just another personification of the Holy Horse Rider - and it connects well with the time (4-5BC) and with the gold.
Ancient Pakistan Civilization Remains Shrouded in Mystery

  1. Research challenges models of sea level change during ice-age cycles
  2. Thousands of dinosaur footprints uncovered in China
  3. Evidence of Stone Age amputation forces rethink over history of surgery
  4. Skeleton of Western man found in ancient Mongolian tomb
  5. China Discovers Old Bricks Made 7,000 Years Ago
  6. Ancient woman suggests diverse migration

Research challenges models of sea level change during ice-age cycles

February 11, 2010
Theories about the rates of ice accumulation and melting during the Quaternary Period -- the time interval ranging from 2.6 million years ago to the present -- may need to be revised, thanks to research findings published by a University of Iowa researcher and his colleagues in the 12 February issue of the journal Science.
Jeffrey Dorale, assistant professor of in the UI College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, writes that and Earth's climate are closely linked. Data he and colleagues collected on speleothem encrustations (see photo right), a type of mineral deposit, in coastal caves on the of Mallorca indicate that sea level was about one meter above present-day levels around 81,000 years ago. The finding challenges other data that indicate sea level was as low as 30 meters -- the ice equivalent of four ice sheets -- below present-day levels.
He said the sea level high stand of 81,000 years ago was preceded by rapid ice melting, on the order of 20 meters of sea level change per thousand years and the sea level drop following the high water mark, accompanied by ice formation, was equally rapid.
My comment: There's something strange about doing that kind of research on Mallorca, because the Mediterranean was a closed sea until the last major flood. Of course, it doesn't make a lot of sense of it having much higher levels than the rest of the water on the planet, but then, it could be some local effect. In space or in time. I mean, if that period was an ice age, it doesn't make sense to have to high level - where that water came from if it was locked in ice? It's very strange.

Thousands of dinosaur footprints uncovered in China

February 7, 2010
Archaeologists in China have uncovered more than 3,000 dinosaur footprints, state media reported, in an area said to be the world's largest grouping of fossilised bones belonging to the ancient animals.

The , believed to be more than 100 million years old, were discovered after a three-month excavation at a gully in Zhucheng in the eastern province of Shandong, the Xinhua news agency reported.
The prints range from 10 to 80 centimetres (four to 32 inches) in length, and belonged to at least six different kinds of dinosaurs, including tyrannosaurs, the report said Saturday.
Wang Haijun, a senior engineer at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said the prints faced the same direction, Xinhua said.
This indicated a possible migration or a panic escape by plant-eating dinosaurs after an attack by predators, Wang added.
Archeologists have found dinosaur fossils at some 30 sites in Zhucheng, known as "dinosaur city."
sourceMy comment: Or maybe this is another dino-airport site? I remember posting here and article about a dinosaur landing/taking off site. Maybe this is the same and they didn't migrate or escape, just used it periodically. It's kind of strange how we're so sure they didn't possess any intellect at all. Because we have no observation of big flying things living densely packed (or at least I can't think of one). Maybe even birds would develop such landing sites if they were that big and lived packed together.
January 25, 2010

Evidence of Stone Age amputation forces rethink over history of surgery

The surgeon was dressed in a goat or sheep skin and used a sharpened stone to amputate the arm of his patient.
The intervention was a success, and it has shed light on the medical talents of our Stone Age ancestors.
Scientists unearthed evidence of the surgery during work on an Early Neolithic tomb discovered at Buthiers-Boulancourt, about 40 miles (65km) south of Paris. They found that a remarkable degree of medical knowledge had been used to remove the left forearm of an elderly man about 6,900 years ago — suggesting that the true Flintstones were more developed than previously thought.
The patient seems to have been anaesthetised, the conditions were aseptic, the cut was clean and the wound was treated, according to the French National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (Inrap).
The revelation could force a reassessment of the history of surgery, especially because researchers have recently reported signs of two other Neolithic amputations in Germany and the Czech Republic. It was known that Stone Age doctors performed trephinations, cutting through the skull, but not amputations.source
My comment: Quite interesting. Not so much because they knew how to cut or to anaesthetise, but because they had an idea of aseptic conditions. That's quite a lot if we considers doctors in the middle ages (or it was later) that killed so many women giving birth just because they couldn't understand why they should at least wash their hands.

Skeleton of Western man found in ancient Mongolian tomb

Consider an older gentleman whose skeleton lay in one of more than 200 tombs recently excavated at a 2,000-year-old cemetery in eastern Mongolia, near China’s northern border. DNA extracted from this man’s bones pegs him as a descendant of Europeans or western Asians. Yet he still assumed a prominent position in ancient Mongolia’s Xiongnu Empire, say geneticist Kyung-Yong Kim of Chung-Ang University in Seoul, South Korea, and his colleagues.
On the basis of previous excavations and descriptions in ancient Chinese texts, researchers suspect that the Xiongnu Empire — which ruled a vast territory in and around Mongolia from 209 B.C. to A.D. 93 — included ethnically and linguistically diverse nomadic tribes. The Xiongnu Empire once ruled the major trading route known as the Asian Silk Road, opening it to both Western and Chinese influences.
Researchers have yet to pin down the language spoken by Xiongnu rulers and political elites, says archaeologist David Anthony of Hartwick College in Oneonta, N.Y. But the new genetic evidence shows that the 2,000-year-old man “was multi-ethnic, like the Xiongnu polity itself,” Anthony remarks.
Two other skeletons from the Xiongnu cemetery in Duurlig Nars show genetic links to people who live in northeastern Asia, according to Kim’s team.The Duurlig Nars man’s genetic signature supports the idea that Indo-European migrations to northeastern Asia started before 2,000 years ago. This notion is plausible, but not confirmed, says geneticist Peter Underhill of Stanford University.  One hypothesis holds that Indo-European languages proliferated via several waves of expansion and conquest by nomads known as Kurgans who had domesticated horses and thus could travel long distances. In this scenario, Kurgans left a homeland north of the Black Sea, in what’s now Russia, around 6,400 years ago.
Another view holds that farmers from ancient Turkey spread Indo-European tongues as they swallowed up one parcel of land after another, beginning around 9,000 years ago.
 sourceMy comment: Ancient Turkey?! What the fuck was that? Turkey didn't exist as an idea before 13th century or little bit before that. And if we have to be correct, Turkey didn't exist before the revolution in the 20th century. Before that it was Ottoman empire. In the so called Ancient Turkey at the time we're talking about lived Pelasgians and/or Thracians. Nothing more, nothing less. It's interesting how the history gets ironed into a politically correct nonsense. As for the article, Thracian legends tell that at some point in the past, they were migrations to Asia, going all the way to India. Maybe it's the same thing. I'm not saying this is the thing, I think the Indo-European population was actually living all the way around the Black Sea which had lower levels than today. And that population would explain why all the Thracian tribes spoke the same language even though they were so different from one another.

China Discovers Old Bricks Made 7,000 Years Ago

2010-02-20 22:19:42 Xinhua Web Editor: Zhang
Bricks dating back 5,000 to 7,000 years have been unearthed in northwest China's Shaanxi Province, adding between 1,000 to 2,000 years onto Chinese brick-making history, archaeologists claimed Saturday.
The bricks, including three red ones and two gray ones, all uncompleted, Yang said. The site under excavation is located at Liaoyuan Village of Baqiao District, and Huaxu Town, Lantian County of Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi Province. Yangshao Culture is a Neolithic culture that flourished along the Yellow River, which runs across China from west to east.
Archaeologists used to believe the ceramics were applied to architecture in the Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C-1100 B.C.), which had been proved wrong by the new discovery, Yang said.
The smooth surface and rough surface of most well preserved red bricks are vertical to each other, and the rough surface was designed to be stuck to other materials, Yang said.
The world's oldest unearthed bricks date back 8,000 to 10,000 years. They were discovered in Middle East and they were adobes which had not been calcined. sourceMy comment: Duh, 3 000 years more and the Middle East would lose its name "the cradle of civilization". Oh well, next time better :) I'm not sure if China having that name is politically better, but I guess it's unavoidable. If would be quite interesting. Because if the population was homogeneous in Asia, it doesn't make a lot of sense that in one place it was so much more advanced. I don't believe in some people being more intelligent than others. No matter of the race.

Ancient woman suggests diverse migration

July 23, 2010 By MARK STEVENSON , Associated Press Writer
A scientific reconstruction of one of the oldest sets of human remains found in the Americas appears to support theories that the first people who came to the hemisphere migrated from a broader area than once thought, researchers say.
Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History on Thursday released photos of the reconstructed image of a woman who probably lived on Mexico's Caribbean coast 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. She peeks out of the picture as a short, spry-looking woman with slightly graying hair.
But government archaeologist Alejandro Terrazas says the picture has now become more complicated, because the reconstruction more resembles people from southeastern Asian areas like Indonesia. source
My comment: Hm, if people migrated from southeastern Asia that will post the question how did they come? On boats? It's quite far if you think about it. Very very far. But yet they did it. Could there have been a lot more land between than we know about? After all during that time the sea level is supposed to be much lower. Interesting, heh?