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Tuesday, 1 March 2011

Habitable pyramids and megafloods, 2011

Short:
Archaeologists discover 2,700-year-old tomb in Mexico 

Scientists find ancient asphalt domes off California coast - Some 700 feet deep in the waters off California's jewel of a coastal resort, Santa Barbara, sits a group of football-field-sized asphalt domes unlike any other underwater features known to exist.
Crete fortifications debunk myth of peaceful Minoan society -

However, Gournia’s fortifications did not prevent the town’s demise. The town fell around 1450 BC, along with other Minoan settlements. A new group called the Mycenaean appeared on Crete at this time, taking over the island.

Maya plumbing, first pressurized water feature found in New World -Though I think there was something about Korean baths?!
Around 100 Dacian ovens discovered at Mediesu Aurit - About 100 ovens built almost 1,700-1,900 years ago by the free Dacians, who were living in the areas outside Roman occupation in 106 AD, were unearthed around Mediesu Aurit village. - It's interesting they talk about "free Dacians", but they don't mention that the not free Dacians are actually the Thracians who became part of the Roman Empire.
4,000-year-old relics spur new look at Sa Huynh culture - Archaeologists in the central province of Quang Ngai have found relics dating back some 4,000 years, encouraging scientists to study afresh one of Vietnam s most prominent cultures.

Today:
  1. New pyramid discovered in Peru linked to ancient copper industry
  2. Research shows part of Alaska inundated by ancient megafloods  
  3. Ancient stones found in Devon 
  4. Not just Neanderthals, there's X-men in us too
  5. Family Cemetery in a Roman Period Tumulus near the Village of Borissovo, Elhovo Region

New pyramid discovered in Peru linked to ancient copper industry

By Owen Jarus
Friday, 21 May 2010



A team of archaeologists who uncovered a 1,400 year old pyramid in Peru say that the finding is particularly unusual. The flat-topped pyramid, which was built by the Moche culture, was used for the living rather than just for the dead, and contains a wealth of artefacts, murals and human remains.
The pyramid was discovered at Huaca Colorada, which translates as ‘coloured hill’.
With the pyramid so far only partially uncovered, archaeologists have already made remarkable discoveries. “Our biggest surprise was that at the top of this pyramid construction we found elite residences”, said Prof Swenson, who added that it is very unusual to find pyramids used in this way. The Moche are known to have used pyramids for burials and ritual activity rather than everyday living.
The living complex would have housed no more than 25 people, and was complete with patios, a kitchen, and stands for ‘paica’ – large vessels for storing water and corn beer. The team also identified a bin used to hold guinea pigs.
Several murals covered the corridors at the pyramid's summit.
Evidence of ritual sacrifice was also discovered at the site. The skeletons of three adolescent girls, and body parts belonging to four other individuals, were found on a platform at the top of the pyramid. The girls were buried with beads around their neck and their feet were close together, suggesting that they had been bound. Charring on the girls' knees indicate that their bodies were subject to “ritualistic burning.”
This evidence raises the possibility that the girls were sacrificed as part of a ritual, something not uncommon among the Moche. However physical anthropologists examining the skeletons could find no evidence of trauma. This means the girls either died naturally or were killed in such a way that no evidence was left on their bones.
Huaca Colorada appears to be undefended. Swenson said the team found “no walls, no sling-stones... unlike many of the sites built on the coastal hills.” The area surrounding the settlement was mostly flat, and would have offered little resistance from invaders. There was certainly warfare in the Moche world, but perhaps, for some unknown reason, Huaca Colorada and its pyramid were off-limits to invaders. “It’s kind of like (the) open city of Rome in World War II,” says Swenson. 
My comment: I find the idea that people lived in the pyramid for the most interesting. We have guessed so many application of pyramids - from spaceships to tombs that it sounds outrageous someone actually lived there. But in this one, they did! Very very interesting. And they had all the comforts and murals and curious sacrifices...I wonder if they put the skeletons trough decent forensic analysis. Because if there are no signs of killing, they either died from natural causes and were buried in the building or maybe they were put alive in their tombs. Something like the legend of putting people (or people's shadows) into walls so that they protect the building. Really curious...

Research shows part of Alaska inundated by ancient megafloods

New research indicates that one of the largest fresh-water floods in Earth's history happened about 17,000 years ago and inundated a large area of Alaska that is now occupied in part by the city of Wasilla.
The event was one of at least four "megafloods" as Glacial Lake Atna breached ice dams and discharged water. The megaflood that covered the Wasilla region released as much as 1,400 cubic kilometers, or 336 cubic miles, of water, enough to cover an area the size of Washington, D.C., to a depth of nearly 5 miles. That water volume drained from the lake in about a week and, at such great velocity, formed dunes higher than 110 feet, with at least a half-mile between crests. The dunes appear on topographical maps but today are covered by roads, buildings and other development. By definition, a megaflood has a flow of at least 1 million cubic meters of water per second (a cubic meter is about 264 gallons). The largest known fresh-water flood, at about 17 million cubic meters per second, originated in Glacial Lake Missoula in Montana and was one of a series of cataclysmic floods that formed the Channeled Scablands of eastern Washington. The megaflood from Glacial Lake Atna down what is now the Matanuska River to the Wasilla region might have had a flow of about 3 million cubic meters per second. The researchers also found evidence for two smaller Atna megafloods, down the Tok and Copper rivers. source
My comment: Unfortunately this article speaks only of Alaska's flood, but imagine if a part of Earth got under 5 miles of water in less than a week, what actually happened on global scale during that period. No wonder legends were so careful for us not to forget what happened. Because it was a global catastrophe.

Ancient stones found in Devon

 Monday 19 April 2010 23.51 BST
Alamy Archaeologists revealed today what they believe is a "spectacular" monument hundreds of years older than Stonehenge on one of the most remote peaks on Dartmoor in Devon. The nine stones that make up the monument, which are up to 2.6 metres high but just 20cm wide, are lying flat but it is thought they originally stood in a long, thin line. They were discovered at Cut Hill six years ago but experts have only just dated the stones to about 3,500BC by carbon-dating the peat in which they lie. They appear to be aligned to mark the rising of the midsummer sun, which suggests they could have symbolic and astronomical purposes. Tom Greeves, who made the discovery, said: "It consists of large slabs of granite lying flat in the same orientation. They are so regular in line and proportion that they give the impression of railway sleepers. "  source
My comment: If you ask me, it sounds much more like a airport runaway to me. Because ok, astronomical purpose sounds fine, but it's not very practical, isn't it? Maybe it was a celebration of the Universe, that could explain the devotion of taking big stones and arrange them in such a way. But for me, it's a runaway :)

Not just Neanderthals, there's X-men in us too>

ANI, May 14, 2010, 01.37am IST
LONDON: A new study has found that Neanderthals weren't the only other Homo species early Homo sapiens mixed with.
Joao Zilhao at the University of Bristol, UK, suggests Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to meet and interbred with other Homo species that have now become extinct. Swedish biologist Svante Svante Paabo's team at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, found the first evidence of interbreeding. They reported last week that the genome of humans today is roughly 1 to 4% Neanderthal.
The fact that all non-Africans have this percentage, suggests that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals interbred sometime between 100,000 and 45,000 years ago, after the first humans left Africa but before they split into regional populations.
Also, they observed a spike in genetic diversity in Indo-Pacific peoples, dating to around 40,000 years ago. Again, it's unlikely the diversity came from Homo sapiens interbredding with Neanderthals, as the latter never travelled that far south.
In March, Paabo's team reported the discovery of DNA from a hominin that is probably neither human nor Neanderthal that lived 50,000 to 30,000 years ago in a cave in southern Siberia. They dubbed the creature X-woman, and sequencing machines are already decoding its genome, says Paabo's colleague Ed Green of the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Green does not dismiss the idea that X-woman or its kind have bred with humans. 
My comment: I think I already pasted news on the issue but since I don't remember when and how much, I'd rather have it here as well. The thing is we're so obsessed with the out-of-Africa theory, while discoveries prove it didn't happen precisely this way. So for me it is important to repeat the facts until people change their minds and open their eyes. Because they all die to discover with that exactly were we better than Neanderthals, when maybe we weren't better at all. Maybe an "outside-factor" decided we look better or something even more stupid. But we would never know until we star with the wrong premises.

Neanderthals walk into frozen Britain 40,000 years earlier than thought

June 1, 2010 
(PhysOrg.com) -- A University of Southampton archaeologist and Oxford Archaeology have found evidence that Neanderthals were living in Britain at the start of the last ice age, 40,000 years earlier than previously thought.
Commissioned by Oxford Archaeology, the University’s Dr Francis Wenban-Smith discovered two ancient flint[1] hand tools at the M25 / A2 road junction at Dartford in Kent, during an excavation funded by the Highways Agency. Tests on sediment burying the flints show they date from around 100, 000 years ago, proving were living in Britain at this time. The country was previously assumed to have been uninhabited during this period.
Early pre-Neanderthals inhabited Britain before the last ice age, but were forced south by a previous about 200, 000 year ago. When the climate warmed up again between 130,000 and 110,000 years ago, they couldn't get back because, similar to today, the Channel sea-level was raised, blocking their path. This discovery shows they returned to our shores much earlier than 60, 000 years ago, as previous evidence suggested.
One theory is that Neanderthals may have been attracted back to Kent by the flint-rich chalk downs visible from France. These supported herds of mammoth, rhino, horse and deer - an important source of food in sub-arctic conditions.“These are people who had no real shelter - no houses, not even caves, so we can only speculate that by the time they returned, they had developed physiologically to cope with the cold, as well as developing behavioural strategies such as planning winter stores and making good use of fire,” says Dr Francis Wenban-Smith.
source
My comment: Here you can see precisely those prejudices I was talking about. They make assumption about the Neanderthals that have no serious proof of. They say they didn't know fire, they didn't have shelters, basically they existed for hundreds thousands years  just like that, enjoying the warmth of the Sun. It simply makes no sense. Imagine our extremely progressive ancestors - Homo Sapiens breeding with other people who were so backwards compared to them. Does this make sense? It's like a human trying to breed with a monkey.  This theory is obviously flawed but yet, they repeat it over and over and they believe it! For more info, read: Earliest humans not so different from us, research suggests.

Scientists discover nanodiamonds in Greenland ice

September 8, 2010 by Paul Mayewski
(PhysOrg.com) -- University of Maine volcanologist Andrei Kurbatov and glaciologist Paul Mayewski, along with 21 other scientists, coauthored a scientific paper released late last month that details the discovery of a layer of nanodiamonds in the Greenland ice sheet, which has added to a controversy in the scientific community about a possible extraterrestrial impact event that could shed light on why some types of large mammals disappeared around 12,900 years ago. source
My comment: I read from time to time more and more evidences on this theory, and yet they manage to refute it. It's kind of weird, no?

Family Cemetery in a Roman Period Tumulus near the Village of Borissovo, Elhovo Region


The large number of various and luxurious grave goods and personal belongings found in the graves, most of them being imports; show that the buried people had been representatives of the Thracian nobility. Most probably they had been members of a wealthy aristocratic family living in one of the villas situated near the present-day village of Borissovo during the second half of the 1st – the early 2nd century AD.
The fifth field season of the Strandzha expedition, within whose frames a team headed by Daniela Agre (NIAM-BAS) is making systematic archaeological excavations of tumuli in the Elhovo region. The tumulus is part of a big cemetery situated near the village of Borissovo. It was 8 m high and its diameter was 60 m. Seven burial structures and two pits were discovered under the tumulus. One of the pits yielded a chariot together with the skeletons of a couple of harness horses and the second one – the skeletons of two riding horses. The chariot was completely preserved. It was placed in a pit measuring 2.80×6.20 m, 1.40 m deep. The long axis of the pit was north-south oriented and its northern part was slanting making it easy to drive in it the cart and the horses.
The cart has no suspension; it is four-wheeled, with a short basket and a seat and is a very luxurious vehicle indeed. It was aimed to carry a charioteer (driver) and a passenger.  source
My comment:The cart might not be sound so cool, but combine it with all the horses and so on and it appears that the whole burial was quite rich.

Study adds new clue to how last ice age ended -

 

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